The aging process can bring about a lot of changes in the human body. These changes are usually related to adverse health effects primarily due to weakened biological functions and metabolic responses. For older adults, the prospect of being afflicted with some dreaded disease as they age can truly be a stressful one. On the other hand, some medical conditions can lead to certain skin conditions that can cause issues, particularly with the patient’s physical appearance and self-esteem. One such condition is known as the aging spots on legs. But what are the causes of these aging spots, and what can you do to remove them? In this article, we attempt to answer these questions. Read on to find out more!
Aging Spots on Legs: A General Overview
For older adults with legs that have dark spots, it may be comforting to know that they are not the only ones with the said skin condition. This dark spot occurs when an area of the skin contains or produces more melanin compared to the other portions around it. Melanin is the pigment that can provide skin color. Having dark skin means that one has more melanin. Dark spots and freckles signify that the said areas contain more melanin as well.
Dark spots can occur no matter what gender, race, or age, but as we grow older, people are at an increased risk for developing age spots. Fortunately, there are several ways to address and prevent these age spots.
What Are Some Of The Causes Of These Aging Spots On Legs?
Several factors can cause dark aging spots to appear on your leg. While fo these spots tend to be benign or harmless, some of them can be a symptom that is far more serious. Below are some of the possible causes of aging spots:
1. Damage caused by the sun
The production of more melanin is the body’s reaction when exposed to the rays of the sun. Some areas in the skin can have melanin production increased while some areas may produce melanin in reduced quantities. Being exposed to too much sun is one of the most common factors that can lead to dark spots, especially for people with fair or lighter skin. For people with a skin condition on their legs, then it is most likely damage caused by the sun.
2. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
For those who have had skin injuries, psoriasis, eczema, and acne, it can lead to an inflammatory response and an increased melanin production in the affected area. According to the experts, these kinds of dark spots can more commonly be observed for individuals with skin that is darker.
This skin condition is a form of cancer of the skin. For male patients, it will usually be present on the trunk or the face, while in females, it may show up on the legs. This kind of skin cancer can come in different forms, so a medical practitioner or dermatologist should conduct a visual inspection of the said dark spots.
This skin condition can also form from a new lesion or from a mole that is already existing. Some of the possible symptoms would include a mole that can change in color, shape, or size, larger than ¼ of an inch, a mole that bleeds or itches, multicolored, and a mole with irregular borders and an irregular shape.
4. Addison’s Disease
This is a disorder that is rare which can lead to hyperpigmentation that is generalized especially if the skin has been exposed to the sun along with the other pressure points of the body. This can lead to knees with darker skin.
5. Tinea versicolor
This type of infection is caused by a particular type of yeast, which can lead to skin patches that are either darker or lighter commonly affecting the arms and the upper portion of the trunk. Tinea versicolor does not usually affect the legs of the patient. Tanning can make the patches seem darker.
Some Home Remedies for Aging Spots
Enumerated below are some of the possible remedies for aging or dark spots:
The aging spots on legs won’t be lightened through the application of sunscreen but it can prevent the said dark spots from getting even darker. Also, it can aid in the prevention of the formation of new dark spots. Individuals must protect their skin from the harmful rays of the sun all year round. It is recommended that sunscreen with SPF levels of 30 is used if the legs will be exposed to the sun. Another benefit of using sunscreen is that it can complement the skin lightening products individuals are already applying on their skin.
A study conducted observed that aloe vera contained aloin which can help in skin lighting. However, further studies are needed to establish the said benefit of aloe vera when used on the skin. Aloe vera infused lotions and gels can ease skin that is dry and sunburned. The aloe vera plant can be cut in half and the gel from the plant applied directly to the affected area. Lotions with aloe vera may also be considered. The guarantee of its effects, though, is still not scientifically confirmed and further studies are needed to confirm this.