After years of debates and different opinions trying to outdo the other, it has been discovered that there is indeed a relationship between resveratrol and aging. Resveratrol naturally occurs in antioxidants as a polyphenol and it can be found in plant products such as cocoa and grapes. It is usually characterized as an antimicrobial compound that plants produce as a source of protection from rough weather and environments like infections, climate changes, and ultraviolet light.
Relationship Between Resveratrol and Aging
Resveratrol is associated with health conditions like diabetes and obesity. It is also known to lower bad cholesterol and increase the production of nitric oxide. All these are the benefits of this compound and the most amazing benefit is that it is whispered to have anti-aging effects on human beings.
1. Decreases blood pressure
Due to the antioxidant properties of resveratrol, it may be a hopeful supplement for decreasing blood pressure. A review carried out in 2015 concluded that elevated doses of these supplements may help in the reduction of the pressure applied on the walls of the artery walls during the heart pumping process.
That kind of pressure is known as systolic blood pressure. It shows a higher reading when measuring blood pressure. Systolic readings also increase with age as a result of the stiffening of the arteries. If it becomes too high then the individual is at risk of developing heart disease.
Resveratrol may also carry out its blood-pressure-reducing function by assisting in the production of nitric oxide, this oxide is known to relax blood vessel muscles. However, there is a need to carry out more research before making specific recommendations about the optimal resveratrol dose which would increase its blood pressure.
2. Improves blood lipids
A lot of researches has been conducted on animals based on these supplements and it has been discovered that they may actually alter the fat in blood in a good way. A 2016 research fed mice with rich polyunsaturated fat and high protein diet and they were also given resveratrol supplements.
It was found out that their body weight and level of cholesterol decreased and there was an increase in HDL cholesterol (the good one). Resveratrol thus appears to have an effect on the level of cholesterol by decreasing the enzyme effect which is in control of the production of cholesterol.
Resveratrol’s antioxidant properties help in reducing the oxidation of LDL’ bad cholesterol. This LDL oxidation usually contributes to the buildup of plaque in the wall of the arteries. In a study, several participants were given an extract of grape which was boosted with more doses of resveratrol. After a period of six months of treatment, they had a decreased LDL by 4.5% with a decreased oxidized LDL by 20% when compared to those who ate the placebo or an unenriched extract of grape.
3. It increases the animal’s life span
The ability of these compounds to extend the lifespan of different organisms is fast becoming a major area of study. There is evidence to show that resveratrol can activate specific genes that protect against aging-related diseases.
It also achieves this function just like how calorie restriction works. This result is a beacon of hope for the lengthening of lifespans by altering gene expression. However, the similar effect of this compound on human beings is not yet ascertained. Studies show that resveratrol supplies a lengthened lifespan in about sixty percent of organisms with a stronger effect on an organism with little or no relation to humans like fish and worms.
4. Brain protection
Quite a number of studies imply that consumption of red wine helps to slow down the occurrence of age-related cognitive issues. This may be as a result of the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of resveratrol. It could also interrupt protein fragments called beta-amyloid, these are crucial to the formation of plaques associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
In addition, the compound could ignite a series of events that can protect against damage to the brain cells. This research might be intriguing but scientists are still trying to come up with answers to questions about how your body can use this supplement effectively. For now, resveratrol is not being used as a brain-protecting supplement.
There are no main risks revealed in the various studies of resveratrol supplements. Healthy individuals appear to tolerate these compounds well. However, there are inclusive recommendations on the amount of these supplements an individual can take for optimal health benefits.
There are also some cautions that need to be taken here, particularly with regards to how these supplements can interact with other kinds of medication.
Since it prevents blood clotting in test tubes when taken on high doses, there is a high possibility that it can increase bruising or bleeding when consumed with drugs for anti-clotting. Examples of these drugs are warfarin, heparin, or pain relievers.
Resveratrol also interrupts the activities of enzymes that assist in clearing specific compounds from your body. This means there are some medications that may build up toa high and unsafe levels. These could include certain medications for blood pressure anxiety and immunosuppressants.
If you are currently using medications, then make sure that before you start using these supplements you consult a doctor.
Having seen the relationship between resveratrol and aging, we can only hope alongside science that there will be a major breakthrough in discovering how these two can work hand in hand to the benefit of humans.