Sometimes, you might notice a sore gum around one tooth while checking the mirror. You might also observe the sore while flossing or brushing. You might think that this is uncommon, but it’s not as unusual as you might think. And it could happen for many different reasons.
Sores don’t develop on the gum alone. They can also develop anywhere in the mouth. They have a distinct appearance. There are red edges and a white center. Sometimes, there is only one sore per time and at other times, there are many at a time.
The reasons why a sore gum might develop around your tooth include periodontal disease and poor oral hygiene. Oftentimes, these sores leave within a week. But you should talk to your dentist if the sore persists for over a week.
However, if you suspect an abscess, you should see the dentist earlier than one week. Dental abscesses require urgent attention.
Generally speaking, you can prevent sore gum by adhering to good dental hygiene. This involves flossing and brushing regularly. You should also go for scheduled routine checkups with your dentist twice a year.
In the end, healthy gums and sparkly white teeth will give you a beautiful smile. But it will require that you put concerted care into your gums and teeth.
Causes of Sore Gum Around One Tooth
Here are some of the common causes of sore gums:
- Poor oral hygiene
If you are not brushing or/and flossing properly, you might be missing out on some food debris. This left-behind debris can lead to decay and cause inflammation. As time goes on, gum disease might develop and cause a sore.
Some signs that show poor oral hygiene are as follows:
- Pale gums
- Swollen gums
- Red gums
- Pus leaking
- Bleeding while you’re brushing
- Bad breath
- Loose tooth
- Badmouth taste or odor
- Gum disease
When mouth bacteria infect your gum tissue, there might be inflammation. This can, in turn, cause periodontal disease. The CDC says that over 47% of American adults have a periodontal disease of some sort.
There are 2 stages of this disease, namely gingivitis and periodontitis. Let’s take a brief look at the two.
If you have gingivitis, it means your gums swell and get inflamed. Some other gingivitis symptoms include:
- Tenderness and redness of the gum
- Bad breath
- Bleeding gums
Gingivitis can be reversed but if you don’t treat it, it could cause periodontitis. This refers to the advanced stage of the disease. In this stage, the gums would recede or pull away from your tooth.
At this stage, infections might occur and damage the facial bone around the tooth. This might make the tooth loosen or start falling out. Some symptoms of gingivitis might include the following:
- Teeth appearing longer as a result of gum recession
- The teeth “spread out” and look further apart
- Wobbly or loose teeth
- Pus between your teeth and gums
Abscessed teeth are usually the results of untreated cavities that have caused a bacterial infection in the teeth. Common symptoms might include:
- Gum pain and swelling
- Swollen jaw
You should see your dentist if you’re suspecting an abscess. If you don’t treat it on time, the infection could also get into your jawbone. While this is rare, if it happens, it would cause very lethal health problems.
Treatment of Sore Gums
Except you suspect an abscess, you can treat the sore around your tooth at home. But if there are no improvements in one week, you should see the dentist. Some of the home remedies you can use to deal with sore gums around your tooth are as follows:
1. Saltwater rinse
An expert study in 2016 indicated that you could use salt water rinse to effectively deal with inflammation from gingivitis. You should perform the rinse 2 to 3 times a day.
All you need is to put half of a tsp salt in a glass of water, preferably warm. Then swish the salt-water mixture for 30 sec before you spit it out.
2. Turmeric gel
An earlier expert study in 2015 had indicated that you could use turmeric to prevent gingivitis and even plaque. You’ll use the gel twice daily after brushing. Remember, however, to rinse your mouth first with water before applying turmeric gel onto your gums.
After you apply it, let it stay in place for ten minutes. Then rinse the gel off with fresh water and spit it out.
These home remedies usually work effectively. But don’t hesitate to get medical treatment if the sore persists. Note, however, that the form of medical treatment required depends on the underlying cause.
3. Medical Treatments
Examples of possible medical treatments for sore gums are as follows:
- Tooth scaling & polishing: to reverse gingivitis and prevent the accumulation of plaque
- Root planing: to remove tartar and plaque from the root of the tooth
- Antibiotics: to treat dental abscesses
- Incision and pus drainage: to drain off infected pus from an abscess
- Root canal – to remove bacteria from the infected root of the tooth
- Tooth extraction: Removal of an infected tooth under local anesthesia
How to Prevent Gum Sore
This is pretty simple. Once you master how to properly take care of your gums and teeth, you should have a problem with sore gums. Here are a few tips for you
- Brush your mouth at least 2 times each day and follow proper techniques. You can visit a dentist to teach you if you don’t know how to do it properly.
- Make sure you floss daily. This doesn’t take long but it’s very helpful for preventing gum problems
- Rinse your mouth daily with mouthwash
- Eat a balanced diet that includes lots of calcium and vitamin C
- Make sure you drink lots of water. This is very important after meals. It helps wash off food from your teeth, thus preventing plaque
- Avoid tobacco. And stop smoking.
- Be careful about foods or drinks that are extremely cold or hot
- Relax and avoid stress. Stress hormones promote inflammation
Sore gum around your tooth is preventable. But if you have it, simple home remedies and proper hygiene can help treat it. If home remedies don’t yield results in a week, you should see your dentist.