Sore Gums: Causes And Treatment For Gum Pain

Sore gums? Find out the reason behind it and treatments for gum pain.

Sore Gums

Sore gums or gum soreness would be the result of pain, redness, swelling, sores, bleeding, or ulcers. Having sore gums most frequently is brought on by inflammation, infection associated with the gums as a consequence of bad oral hygiene. Signs and symptoms can be constant and/or variable and can even worsen while eating/drinking. When gum pains are present, they could be referred to as sharp, stabbing, dull, throbbing, or burning, which ranges in intensity whether mild or more severe.

With regards to the cause, experiencing sore gums can be felt in just a tiny area of gum (ulcer or sore), or in a person’s gum line. Some other conditions might affect all the gums (swelling or bleeding). Gingivitis, as well as other kinds of inflammatory ailments, are some of the most typical factors behind sore gums. Vitamin deficiency like anemia or scurvy may be connected with symptoms that include both your mouth in addition to gums. Disorders associated with the immune system like HIV or AIDS oftentimes produce symptoms within the gums or mouth. Infection associated with the gums (gingivitis), soft tissue, skin, or bone would be further factors that cause sore gums. Read on to learn more detail about the causes and treatment for gum pain.

What Causes Sore Gums

Sore gums usually are brought on by multiple factors which end up in inflammation regarding the gums. Less frequent factors that cause sore gums entail a number of problems that irritate these gums, like misaligned teeth, fillings that have rough edges to ill-fitting and unclean appliances of the mouth.

Sore gums may also be brought on by conditions that affect areas apart from a person’s gum including:

  • Cancer (oral cancer; more life-threatening)
  • Anemia
  • Diabetes
  • Behcet’s syndrome (this condition results in widespread inflammation in  blood vessels)
  • Hormone changes at pregnancy or puberty
  • Cardiovascular illnesses
  • Scurvy (deficiency of vitamin C)
  • Substance abuse, like methamphetamine use


Sore gums can accompany various other symptoms that differ with regards to the underlying disease or condition. The symptoms which frequently impact the gums could also involve various other body systems.

The common symptoms which will occur while having soreness of the gums, include:

  • Bleeding of gums
  • Red-purple or bright-red gum appearance
  • Gums which are shiny
  • Gums which are tender once touched, yet otherwise painless
  • Distressing mouth sores which quickly look to ulcers that last 21 days up
  • A sore smaller in comparison with around 1/2 inch, about 12 mm in diameter
  • Receding gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Ulcers that have a yellow or white center

Other symptoms could take place alongside sore gums. These are:

  • Bleeding
  • Bad breath
  • Diarrhea/constipation
  • Nausea might be referred to as feeling wooziness, queasiness, sea-sickness, retching, car-sickness, upset stomach
  • Sore tongue
  • Lymph nodes swelling
  • Pale skin/pallor
  • Loosening/ loss in one’s teeth
  • Weakness/fatigue/light-headedness
  • Unexplained weight reduction

Symptoms that may indicate a more critical condition

In a few cases, sore gums might occur along with other symptoms that may indicate a critical condition that should be evaluated straight away in an urgent situation. Obtain immediate medical attention in the event that you or somebody you’re with has sore gums as well as various other severe symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • Serious gum bleeding
  • High temperature/fever (more than 101 degrees F)

Questions When Diagnosing The Explanation For Sore Gums

In order to diagnose the condition, the doctor or the licensed medical care practitioner is going to ask you to answer a number of questions pertaining to sore gums, which include:

  • Just how long have you been experiencing sore gums?
  • Are you experiencing other types of symptoms?
  • Where could be the soreness found in the gums?
  • What type of medications are you currently taking?
  • How frequently do you really ensure you get your teeth cleaned?
  • Do you know the possible complications for sore gums?

Seeing that sore gums may be because of serious diseases, the failure when it comes to seeking a cure may result in serious complications to permanent damage. As soon as the root cause becomes diagnosed, it’s important that you stick to the plan for treatment which you as well as your healthcare professional design particularly for one to lower the chance of possible complications such as:

  • Abscess in gums
  • Infection/abscess in jawbones
  • Gingivitis (infection associated with the gums)
  • Periodontitis (infection associated with the gum line relating to the bones and teeth)
  • Teeth loss 
  • Infection spread
  • Trench mouth

Simple tips to Manage Swollen Gums in the Home

Now you’ve gone closer to answering a question of what makes gums swollen, it is time for you to speak about gum inflammation cure. 

Curing gum inflammation does not merely stop discomfort; it really is an essential part of one’s dental health. Inflamed gums distance themselves out from the tooth and make pockets in which food will get trapped. Food that has been trapped inside pockets in the middle of your teeth + gums is not removed easily through regular brushing + flossing, leaving you more prone to cavities as well as severe gum infections.

Occasionally, stepping up the brushing and flossing practice is perhaps all it can take to help remedy swollen gums. When you rinse the mouth area using saltwater, this further aids in ridding disease-making bacteria. But do not wait long. When the particular home cures do not aid with inflamed gums in just a couple of weeks, it is time for you to visit your dentist.

Gum Inflammation Procedure While at the Dentist

Whenever in-home remedies do not take into effect, it is time for you to bring those big guns. With regards to the cause or seriousness of the inflamed gums, the dentist may simply prescribe oral rinsing, and maybe a distinctive type of toothpaste for helping gingivitis prevention as well as plaque reduction. In the event the gums get infected, the dentist may also prescribe this course for antibiotics.

Whenever more serious periodontal disease may be the reason behind swollen gums, it might be that you’re needing a unique form of cleaning, known as scaling + root planing. The particular gum inflammation process at the office involves making use of a unique instrument that carefully removes plaque as well as tartar coming from under the gum line. The root surfaces will then be smoothed, planed, enabling gum tissue healing as well as teeth reattachment.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *